(8) Ezekiel also saw water flowing from Jerusalem with its beginning in the temple itself (Ezek 47:1-12). This living water would make the seas fresh and give life to trees and sea creatures. That this is the river of life of the New Jerusalem is clean in Ezek 47:12 because the leaves and fruit of the trees will not fail. They will bear fruit every month for food and the leaves will be for healing. Rev 22:1-2 presents the same picture.
Living water is a prominent theme, particularly in the NT because Jesus spoke about it often (John 4:10, 14; 7:38), and Revelation’s final invitation is to come drink of this water without cost (Rev 22:17).
Former and latter seas
The river would flow out of Jerusalem toward the former sea and the latter sea, which refers to the Mediterranean and the Dead Seas to the east and west of Jerusalem.
Summer and winter
This river would be unceasing, flowing summer and winter. The LXX says summer and spring. Lack of water was a constant problem for Israel. Isaiah makes it clear that their unfaithfulness to God brought about this curse but that God would restore water to them and their lands if they would be loyal to Him (Isa 35:7; 41:17-18; 49:10; 58:11).
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