Bible prophecy, commentary, Minor prophets, zechariah

Zech 14:20-21


Holy to the Lord

(20-21) The division between sacred and secular that has marked the reign of sin will, in that day, be gone. All of life will be sacred. Even the bells (LXX: bridles) of the horses will have imprinted on them “Holy to the Lord.” This was the inscription on the high priest’s turban as the crowning symbol of his sacred responsibility (Ex 39:30).

Pots and bowls

Even the cooking pots not only in Jerusalem but in all of Judah will be like the sacred bowls used in sacred activities of the temple. They too will be holy to the Lord.

All who sacrifice

In the OT priesthood it was the priests who handled the holy things and made the sacrifices. But here it seems that everyone would participate in the sacrifices, and they could because all would be holy. This, again, was to be if Israel had been faithful to the Lord. In the eschatological fulfillment of this scene sacrifices per se will not be necessary, but the same principles apply for God’s people are all destined to become priests and kings (1 Pet 2:5, Rev 1:6, 5:10, 20:6). They will use sacred things as they used common things because everything will be holy to the Lord. There will be no more separations

No Canaanite

And there will be no Canaanite in the house of the Lord. The word kena’ani is sometimes rendered as merchant (Job 31:6, Prov 31:24) and some translations render it that way (YNG, ESV, NRSV) while others maintain Canaanite, including the LXX. It seems to me that Canaanite is a particularly apt translation in this case given the subject matter, though merchant could work as well. The merchants in the temple when Jesus cleansed it were certainly involved in unholy activities. But even more importantly, Gentiles were restricted from the temple and Canaanite had been largely sentenced to death. But the gospel removed all boundaries between male and female, slave and free, Jew and Gentile. Thus everyone at this point in the prophecy would be Jewish, God’s chosen nation (Isa 4:3). As predicted in Joel 3:17, no stranger will pass through Jerusalem again. This is not because they are not allowed but because there will be no strangers. Ezek 44:9 predicted the same, and Paul stated the fact clearly in Eph 2:19-22.


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